The OESKKIP acronym in German stands for “Ecosystem Services of Urban Regions – Mapping, Communicating, and Integrating into Planning to conserve biodiversity during a changing climate” (in German: „Ökosystemleistungen von Stadtregionen – Kartieren, Kommunizieren und Integrieren in die Planung zum Schutz der biologischen Vielfalt im Klimawandel“). The OESKKIP project tests the integration capacity of the ecosystem service (ES) approach into urban and regional planning. Facing climate change, the preservation of biodiversity in urban regions should be improved concurrently under changing conditions.
Biodiversity and ecosystem functions serve as a basis for ecosystem services. ES are differentiated in provisioning services for society such as provision of food and drinking water, in regulating services such as regulation of micro-climates or water quality and in cultural services that provide for aesthetic perceptions of the landscape or for leisure activities. The concept of ES enables a holistic perspective on the manifold relationships between ecosystems and society. However, in the current planning practice, ES are rarely really integrated into decision-making processes. Thus, the core of the joint research project is the communication and implementation of the ES concept into spatial planning and governance processes. ES are exemplary assessed in the urban regions Rostock and Munich as well as in selected surrounding smaller cities. This is realised by using existing data as well as participatory spatial surveys and assessments. Impacts of climate change on the supply of ES and biodiversity are outlined. By developing communication instruments, the potentials for improved transdisciplinary and interdisciplinary cooperation, for urban-rural cooperations as well as for an increased societal value of ES and biodiversity are assessed.
The results will lead to concrete recommendations for spatial planning practices on how to integrate ES. These recommendations contain target-oriented communication and participation strategies as well as survey and assessment approaches. By doing this, OESKKIP will contribute to the preservation of biodiversity in urban regions.